C++ Tutorial : From Beginning to Advance

C++ Tutorial

C++ is a middle-level programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup beginning in 1979 at Bell Labs. It runs on a variety of platforms, for example, Windows, Mac OS, and the different forms of UNIX. This C++ tutorial exercise adopts a basic and pragmatic way to deal with the concepts and ideas of C++ for beginners to advanced software developers.

Why Learn C++

C++
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C++ is a MUST for students and working professionals to turn into an excellent Software Engineer. I will list down a portion of the key advantages of learning C++ :

C++ is very close to the hardware, so you get an opportunity to work at a low level which gives you a great deal of control regarding memory management, better execution and finally a robust software development.

C++ programming gives you a clear understanding of Object-Oriented Programming:

  1. Inheritance
  2. Polymorphism
  3. Encapsulation
  4. Abstraction

You will understand the low-level usage of polymorphism when you will execute virtual tables and virtual table pointers, or dynamic type identification.

C++ is one of each green programming language and cherished by a huge number of software developers. If you are an extraordinary C++ programmer, at that point you will never sit without work and all the more important you will get highly paid for your work.

C++ is the most frequently use programming language in application and system programming. So, you can pick your area of interest in software development.

C++ teaches you the difference between compiler, linker, and loader, various data types, storage classes, variable types their scopes, and so on.

There are 1000s of valid justifications to learn C++ Programming. However, one thing for sure, to gain knowledge with any programming language, not just C++, you just need to code, and code lastly code until you become an expert.

Hello World using C++

Just to give you a little enthusiasm about C++ programming, I’m going to give you a little regular C++ Hello World program.

C++ is a superset of C programming with the extra implementation of object-oriented concepts.

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;

//main() is where program exceution begins
int main(){
    cout <<"Hello World"; // prints Hello World
    return 0;
}

There are numerous C++ compilers accessible which you can use to compile and run the above-mentioned program:

  • Apple C++. Xcode
  • Bloodshed Dev-C++
  • Clang C++
  • Cygwin (GNU C++)
  • Mentor Graphics
  • MinGW – “Minimalist GNU for Windows”
  • GNU CC source
  • IBM C++
  • Intel C++
  • Microsoft Visual C++
  • Oracle C++
  • HP C++

It is difficult to give a total list of all the accessible compilers. The C++ world is simply too large and a lot of new is going on.

C++ Standard Libraries

Standard C++ programming divided into three significant parts:

The core library incorporates data types, variables, and literals, etc.

The standard library incorporates the set of functions manipulating strings, files, etc.

Standard Template Library (STL) includes the set of methods manipulating a data structure.

Applications of C++ Programming

As mentioned previously, C++ is one of the most generally use programming languages. It has its quality in almost every area of programming development. I’m going to list a couple of them here:

Application Software Development – C++ programming has been use in growing almost all the major Operating Systems like Windows, Mac OSX and Linux. Aside from the operating systems, the core part of numerous browsers like Mozilla Firefox and Chrome have been written using C++. C++ also has been use in building up the most famous database framework called MySQL.

Programming Languages Development – C++ has been extensively use in growing new programming languages like C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, UNIX’s C Shell, PHP and Python, and Verilog, and so on.

Computation Programming – C++ is the closest companion of a scientist because of the quick speed and computational efficiencies.

Games Development – C++ is amazingly quick which permits software engineers to do procedural programming for CPU intensified functions and gives more control over hardware, due to which it has been generally used in the development of gaming engines.

Embedded System – C++ is a heavenly utilize in creating Medical and Engineering Applications like programming for MRI machines, high-end CAD/CAM systems, and so on.

This list goes on, there are different areas where software developers are cheerfully using C++ to give great software. I highly recommend you to learn C++ and contribute great programming to the community.

Audience

This C++ tutorial set up for the beginners to assist them with understanding the basic to advance concepts identified with C++.

Prerequisites

Before you begin practicing with different types of examples given in this C++ tutorial. We are expecting that you are already aware of the basic computer programs and computer programming language.

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Divyanshu

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